Texas Brazos Trail Region

Participant in the Texas Historical Commission's
Texas Heritage Trails Program

Federal Government

Exterior of post office and federal courthouse building
Post office and federal courthouse, Texarkana


Historically, Texans have typically attempted to call the shots when it comes to self-governance. The Mexican Federal Republic found that out in 1833 when a proposed constitution was drafted to create a separate state within the Mexican Republic. By 1836 the Constitution of the Republic of Texas signaled a call to war and independence. Never content to accept the rebellion, Mexico continued to claim its dominance over the newfound Republic, a battle of wills and soldiers that remained unresolved until the United States agreed to annex Texas, making it the 28th state to join the nation. The alliance was short-lived, however, as Texas seceded from the nation over the issue of slavery, only to rejoin the country in defeat. Today, the Federal government facilitates the economic and social well-being of the state and its citizens across a spectrum of programs and institutions. The state’s booming oil and gas industry, its wind energy industry, educational institutions, the space industry, libraries, transportation, health care, the arts, manufacturing, trade, and its infrastructure such as highway construction and maintenance all benefit from federal support. Although calls for secession still arise occasionally, the issue has actually been settled for over a century. The U.S. Supreme Court, in its 1869 decision Texas v. White, ruled that no state has the right to unilaterally secede.

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